[ë هەورەکانی دانیال || ☆ PDF Read by ☆ Bachtyar Ali]
Bachtyar Ali400Bachtyar Ali
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Bachtyar Ali Muhammed, also spelled as Bakhtiyar Ali or Bakhtyar Ali, Kurdish Bextyar El Ali was born in the city of Slemani also spelt as Sulaimani or Sulaymaniy , in Iraqi Kurdistan also referred to as southern Kurdistan in 1960 He is a Kurdish novelist and intellectual He is also a prolific literary critic, essayist and poet Ali started out as a poet and essayist, but has established himself as an influential novelist from the mid 1990s He has published six novels, several poetry collections as well as essay books He has been living in Germany since the mid 1990s Frankfurt, Cologne and most recently Bonn In his academic essays, he has dealt with various subjects, such as the 1988 Saddam era Anfal genocide campaign, the relationship between the power and intellectuals and other philosophical issues He often employs western philosophical concepts to interpret an issue in Kurdish society, but often modifies or adapts them to his context.Based on interviews with the writer, he wrote his first prominent piece of writing in 1983, a long poem called Nishtiman The Homeland Kurdish His first article, entitled In the margin of silence la parawezi bedangi da in Pashkoy Iraq newspaper in 1989 But he only truly came to prominence and started to publish and hold seminars after the 1991 uprising against the Iraqi government, as the Kurds started to establish a de facto semi autonomous region in parts of Iraqi Kurdistan and enjoy a degree of freedom of speech He could not have published most of his work before 1991 because of strict political censorship under Saddam Along with several other writers of his generation most notably Mariwan Wirya Qani, Rebin Hardi and Sherzad Hasan they started a new intellectual movement in Kurdistan, mainly through holding seminars The same group in 1991 started publishing a philosophical journal Azadi Freedom Kurdish , of which only five issues were published, and then Rahand Dimension Kurdish rahand.In 1992, he published his first book, a poetry collection entitled Gunah w Karnaval Sin and the Carnival Kurdish It contained several long poems, some which were written in the late 1980s Prominent Kurdish poet Sherko Bekas immediately hailed him as a new powerful voice His first novel, Margi Taqanay Dwam The death of the second only child Kurdish , was published in 1997, the first draft of which was written in the late 1980s.